Andhra Pradesh’s 100% reservation for Scheduled Tribe candidates for the post of teachers without rhyme or reason
Case: Chebrolu Leela Prasad Rao v. State of Andhra Pradesh
Bench: Constitution– Arun Mishra, Indira Banerjee, Vineet Saran, MR Shah and Aniruddha Bose, JJ
SC held that the Government Office Ms. No. 3 dated 10.1.2000 issued by the erstwhile State of Andhra Pradesh providing 100% reservation to the Scheduled Tribe candidates out of whom 33.1/3% shall be women for the post of teachers in the schools in the scheduled areas in the State of Andhra Pradesh, unconstitutional. The Court quashed 100% ST reservation observing that it was "unfair and unreasonable", and contrary to the 50% ceiling for quotas set by the Indira Sawhney judgment. By providing 100 percent reservation to the scheduled tribes has deprived the scheduled castes and other backward classes also of their due representation The bench also observed that 100% reservation for STs in Scheduled Areas would deprive others of opportunities. The action is thus unreasonable and arbitrary and violative of provisions of Articles 14, 15 and 16 of the Constitution of India.